Is It Possible to Have a Horse Allergy?
Nowadays, horses are rarely found in the wild. Most of them live among people. In fact, horses have been domesticated for a very long time, which is, according to some sources, more than 5,000 years. You can often see horses in the countryside, at the racetrack, or even in a city during military parades or various fairs.
Unfortunately, many people develop an allergic reaction after exposure to horse dander. A horse allergy was found in about 4 percent of people with allergies. Sometimes, exposure to horse dander may occur far away from horse stables. It happens because this airborne allergen can travel long distances.
What Are the Symptoms of a Horse Allergy?
The history of allergies to horses dates back to almost 100 years ago. In most cases, an allergic reaction to horse dander causes respiratory symptoms like those of allergic rhinitis and asthma. Thus, the most common horse allergy symptoms including wheezing, coughing, and breath shortness.
However, experts believe that more serious reactions are also possible. If you have an allergy to horses, exposure to this animal may also cause you to develop urticaria, angioedema, or even anaphylaxis.
What Is the Cause of a Horse Allergy?
Allergic reactions to animals are triggered by a blood protein known as albumin. According to research, this allergen is cross-reactive between horses, cats, and dogs. This means that if you are allergic to cats or dogs, you may be at a higher risk for reacting to horse dander.
If you are predisposed to a horse allergy, make sure to consult with your doctor and perform allergy testing to see if you do have an allergy or not.
How to Treat an Allergy to Horses?
The treatment of a horse allergy is not different from the treatment of other types of allergies. Depending on the symptoms you experience, you may need certain medications and therapies to control the condition.
Immunotherapy is the only potential cure to allergies. This type of allergy treatment is considered to be safe and effective, when it comes to treating an allergy to horses.